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里奧·布勞艾
Leo Brouwer

里奧·布勞艾

里奧·布勞艾(Leo Brouwer)乃二十世紀後半期最重要的吉他作曲家之一。西元1939年出生於古巴哈瓦那。自幼學習吉他,音樂啟蒙來自身為業餘吉他演奏家的父親,並在其鼓勵下,布勞艾13歲時開始接受正規古典吉他音樂教育,師事Issac Nicola (師承知名西班牙吉他演奏家兼作曲家Francisco Tárrega)17歲時開始以古典吉他演奏家的身份活動,同時對作曲萌生興趣。接著布勞艾赴美留學,就讀於University of Hartford (Hartt College of Music) 與茱莉亞音樂學院(Juilliard School),向Vincent PersichettStefan Wolpe學習作曲。

 

古典吉他以外,布勞艾亦為鋼琴及多種管弦樂器作曲,創作風格隨著生涯的各個時期變化而呈現多樣性和獨立性。初期的作品飽含其天生的古巴色彩,從古典架構的樂曲形式,逐漸演變為結構相對自由、更多切分節奏的音樂,散發強烈的韻律感。1962-1970年代的作曲風格流露出布勞艾對歐洲現代主義的興趣,直至1970年末期,深受當時極簡主義的影響,進入了最激進的反傳統作風,在作品中不斷嘗試加入新的音樂語言。布勞艾作品型態豐富多變,包含獨奏曲、室內樂、協奏曲、交響樂曲式、芭蕾舞曲等,甚至改編當代流行音樂,並為一百多部電影創作配樂。布勞艾至今已寫過十二首吉他協奏曲,在數量上可謂是吉他作曲家的第一位。他認為「彈奏吉他的雙手分別各自代表著一個樂團」,因著掌握吉他樂器特性的深厚知識,使他的作品更能將樂器本身千變萬化的音色發揮得淋漓盡致,宛如兩個樂團交織演奏一般。

 

布勞艾的成就不僅止於作曲方面的出色表現,同時以指揮家的身份活躍於音樂界,與諸多世界知名交響樂團合作過,如柏林愛樂交響樂團(Philharmonic Orchestra of Berlin)、英國國家廣播交響樂團(BBC Concert Orchestra)、巴黎愛樂交響樂團(Orchestra Nouvelle Philharmonic de Paris)及馬德里交響樂團(Symphonic Orchestra of Madrid)等,更於1992年在西班牙成立Orquesta de Córdoba並擔任其指揮。布勞艾亦擔任HavanaSymphony的藝術總監,並參與International Guitar Festival of the Havana。備受世界矚目的他目前已是國際音樂理事會(International Council of Music) 的委員,依然以吉他演奏家、作曲家、指揮家等多重身份指導各地音樂藝術節,往返於北美洲、拉丁美洲與歐洲國家之間。

 

2017年第18屆拉丁葛萊美獎在美國拉斯維加斯揭曉,布勞艾的《黑色十日談奏鳴曲》獲得最佳當代古典作品獎,2018年他更獲頒美國GFA最佳終身貢獻獎。 

 

Leo Brouwer (Cuba)

He is an honorary member of the CIM of UNESCO, of the Italo-Latin American Institute, of the Society of Composers and Authors of Italy, of the Academy of Fine Arts of Granada, corresponding Academician of the Royal Academy of Sciences , Fine Arts and Noble Letters of Córdoba, Full Memberof the Cuban Academy of the Language, among other members in prestigious international institutions. Composer, orchestral conductor, guitarist,researcher, pedagogue and cultural promoter, Brouwer is among the most recognized musicians of the moment.

Suffice it to mention his work in the direction in Cuba of the first music departments of the ICAIC (1960) and the Musical Theater of Havana (1962); in the foundation and direction of the Sound Experimentation Group of the ICAIC (1968); as Guest Composer at the Academy of Sciences and Arts of Berlin (DAAD, 1970), conducting more than one hundred and twenty symphony orchestras and chamber ensembles from around the world; inparticipation as a jury in numerous international guitar, composition and orchestral conducting competitions; in having a discography with his music that exceeds 850 records and a catalog of more than three hundred and fifty worksthat covers almost all genres and musical forms; in his work as Artistic Director of the Carrefour Mondial de la Guitare (Martinique, France overseas,1976-2001); Regular Director of the Orchestra of Córdoba, Spain (1992-2001) and General Director of the National Symphony Orchestra of Cuba (1981-2003).

It has more than three hundred international artistic and academic distinctions, among them: the "Manuel de Falla"Prize (Andalusia, Spain, 1998); the Doctor Honoris Causa Degree at the University of the Arts (ISA) in Havana and the University of Santiago de Chile;the MIDEM Classical Awards (Cannes, 2003) with his Helsinki Concert for guitarand orchestra; the Pablo Neruda Order (Santiago de Chile, 2007), the Goffredo Petrassi Award for Composition (Zagarolo, 2008), the National Music Award inits first edition (Cuba, 1999); the National Film Prize (Cuba, 2009); the Tomás Luis de Victoria Ibero-American Music Prize (SGAE, Spain, 2010) and two Latin Grammy Awards (in 2010, for the complete string quartets and in 2017 with his work Sonata del Decamerón Negro, No. 3 for guitar).

Several groups and festivals are named after: Brouwer Guitar Quartet of the United States, B3: Brouwer Trio of Valencia,Spain and the Young Filarmonía Leo Brouwer formed by musicians from variousregions of Spain based in Córdoba.

He has composed and dedicated works to renowned musicians such as Julian Bream, John Williams, Yo-Yo Ma, Carlos Prieto, Edin Karamazov, Andreas Scholl, Egberto Gismonti, Shin-ichi Fukuda, Chucho Valdés, EOS Guitar Quartet,Ricardo Gallén, Pedro Chamorro, Costas Cotsiolis, Bandini Duo -Chiacchiarettaand Niurka González.

Since April 2005, he has been president of the Leo Brouwer Office, based in Havana, and his own Ediciones Espiral Eterna publishing house.

In December 2008, the International Violão Leo Brouwer Festival was created in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on a biennial basis and in October 2009, the Leo Brouwer Chamber Music Festival in Havana was held annually (2009-2014). its president and executive producer. He has also produced the Les Voix Humaines Festival (Sept-Oct 2015), the Solidarity Concerts in 2016 and the Festival Contratenores del Mundo (Sept-Oct 2016) in Havana. Between 2015 and 2017 he has composed works requested by institutions such as Adelaide Guitar Festival, Changsha International Guitar Festival, Japan Guitar Ensemble Festival, Guitar Foundation of America and Camerata Argentinade Guitarras.

In 2018 he projects works dedicated to Quaternaglia,Tom Kerstens and G Ensemble Plus, Minneapolis Guitar Quartet, Apollo Chamber Players, Newman & Oltman Duo and the Belgrade Guitar Festival.


主辦

協辦

贊助

媒體協辦 / 指定住宿

臺灣國際吉他藝術節暨大賽
Taiwan International Guitar Festival & Competition
tigf.guitar.tw@gmail.com


Host台北創世紀室內暨吉他樂團Taipei  Genesis Chamber & Guitar Orchestra